Etude de la dynamique et contrôle passif des ions lourds produit par linteraction plasma-paroi : vers lélaboration dun modèle prédictif dans la suite de code SOLedge2D-EIRENE à partir des expériences sur le tokamak WEST (thèse 2021 - 2024)
L. Cappelli, N. Fedorczak, J. P. Gunn, S. Di Genova, J. Guterl, et al.. Study of the erosion and redeposition of W considering the kinetic energy distribution of incident ions through a semi-analytical model. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 2023, 65 (9), pp.095001. ⟨10.1088/1361-6587/ace282⟩. ⟨hal-04190861⟩ Plus de détails...
In today’s nuclear fusion devices, erosion of high-Z metallic plasma-facing materials (PFMs) is mainly caused by physical sputtering. That is, by the exchange of energy between plasma ions and the atoms in the walls. In most of the numerical codes currently in use impinging plasma is approximated as a fluid. By averaging the incident particles’ energy distribution the high-energy population of the eroded material is underestimated. For heavy materials such as W, high-energy eroded particles tend to ionize far from the wall and they are less affected by the sheath electric field hence, not being attracted back to the wall, they have a higher chance to contaminate the core plasma. This could in turn result in an underestimation of the net erosion sources. In this work, a semi-analytical model was developed to include the energy distribution of the incident particles. Then, by Monte Carlo method, the net erosion of tungsten from a smooth PFM was calculated. The results show that the kinetic description in energy is important only for incident particles ionized once. For instance, it is particularly important for plasma ions such as Deuterium. It is seen that Deuterium contribution to the W net sources is not always negligible if compared to light impurities or to tungsten self-sputtering in the range of plasma parameters tested. Finally, results show that the difference between the fluid and kinetic models becomes more pronounced for high-screening plasma conditions.
L. Cappelli, N. Fedorczak, J. P. Gunn, S. Di Genova, J. Guterl, et al.. Study of the erosion and redeposition of W considering the kinetic energy distribution of incident ions through a semi-analytical model. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 2023, 65 (9), pp.095001. ⟨10.1088/1361-6587/ace282⟩. ⟨hal-04190861⟩