Treatment of Boiler Condensate by Ultrafiltration for Reuse
The generation of water vapor is crucial for the petrochemical industry. In order to protect the boiler from damage, the re-injected water must not contain any suspended matter, especially hydrocarbons. Moreover, it is condensed steam with a temperature close to 100 °C and the unintentional creation or chronic generation of pollution, respectively, that can more or less produce the concentrated pollution. In this context, membrane processes appear promising in order to achieve this reuse and more especially crossflow ceramic membranes. The novelty of this paper is to study the retention of hydrocarbons and suspended solids contained in the condensate hot water of a high-capacity boiler using ceramic ultrafiltration membranes. In total, two ultrafiltration molecular weight cut-offs were used: 50–150 kDa. Several operating parameters were studied such as effluent type (accidental or chronic pollution), temperature, transmembrane pressure, initial volume, and pilot plant size. In all cases, retention of suspended matter was above 90% and residual hydrocarbon concentrations were under 0.1 ppm even for high-volume concentrations. Control of the transmembrane pressure and the molecular weight cut-off of the membrane are key to optimizing the process. Despite the high-volume concentration obtained, the membranes were perfectly regenerated with conventional cleaning procedures.
Grégory Cano, Philippe Moulin. Treatment of Boiler Condensate by Ultrafiltration for Reuse. Membranes, 2022, 12 (12), pp.1285. ⟨10.3390/membranes12121285⟩. ⟨hal-03967074⟩
Date de publication: 01-12-2022