Parallel shear flow instability in the tokamak edge

The transition between the core and scrape-off layer of a tokamak corresponds to a marked momentum shear layer, owing to sheath acceleration on limiters which drives near-sonic flows along the plasma magnetic field in the scrape-off layer, and a parallel shear flow instability can possibly be triggered. The possibility of this instability driven by the velocity gradient is investigated numerically, using a minimum model of particle and parallel momentum transport in the edge of a tokamak, in a computational domain modelling a limiter plasma with background turbulence modelled as an effective diffusion. It is found that unstable regions can exist in the vicinity of a limiter, in agreement with experimental findings, when momentum radial transport - and therefore coupling between SOL and core flows - is sufficiently weak. Instability is reinforced by core rotation, and is found to be maximum downstream of the limiter (with respect to the core plasma flow).

Frédéric Schwander, Guillaume Chiavassa, Guido Ciraolo, Philippe Ghendrih, Livia Isoardi, et al.. Parallel shear flow instability in the tokamak edge. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2011, 415 (1), pp.S601-S604. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.10.073⟩. ⟨hal-00848536⟩

Journal: Journal of Nuclear Materials

Date de publication: 01-01-2011


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