Mineralogy and leachability of gasified sewage sludge solid residues
Gasification of sewage sludge produces combustible gases as well as tar and a solid residue as by-products. This must be taken into account when determining the optimal thermal conditions for the gasification process. In this study, the influence of temperature, heating atmosphere and residence time on the characteristics of the gasified sewage sludge residues is investigated. ICP-AES analyses reveal that the major chemical elements in the char residues are phosphorus, calcium, iron and silicon. Heavy metals such as copper, zinc, chromium, nickel and lead are also present at relatively high levels - from 50 to more than 1000 mg/kg of dry matter. The major mineral phases' identification - before and after heating as well as their morphology and approximate chemistry (XRD and SEM-EDX) demonstrate that a number of transformations take place during gasification. These are influenced by the reactor's temperature and the oxidative degree of its internal atmosphere. The copper-, zinc- and chromium-bearing phases are studied using chemometric tools, showing that the distribution of those metals among the mineral phases is considerably different. Finally, batch-leaching tests reveal that metals retained in the residue are significantly stabilized after thermal treatment to a higher or lower extent, depending on the thermal conditions applied.
A. B. Hernandez, Jean-Henry Ferrasse, Perrine Chaurand, Hans Saveyn, Daniel Borschneck, et al.. Mineralogy and leachability of gasified sewage sludge solid residues. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 191 (1-3), pp.219-227. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.04.070⟩. ⟨hal-00766629⟩
Journal: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Date de publication: 15-07-2011