Membrane Separation Used as Treatment of Alkaline Wastewater from a Maritime Scrubber Unit
Since 1 January 2020, the sulfur content allowed in exhaust gas plume generated by marine vessels decreased to 0.5% m/m. To be compliant, a hybrid scrubber was installed on-board, working in closed loop and generating a high volume of alkaline wastewater. The alkaline water suspension was treated by a silicon carbide multitubular membrane to remove pollutants, and to allow the water discharge into the natural environment. In this paper, membrane filtration behavior was analyzed for the maritime scrubber wastewater. A range of operating parameters were obtained for several feedwater quality-respecting industrial constraints. The objective was an improvement of (I) the water recovery rate, (II) the filtration duration, and (III) the permeate quality. Thus, in high-fouling water, a low permeate flow (60 L h−1 m−2) with frequent backflushing (every 20 min) was used to maintain membrane performance over time. In terms of water quality, the suspended solids and heavy metals were retained at more than 99% and 90%, respectively. Other seawater discharge criteria in terms of suspended solids concentration, pH, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons were validated. The recommended operating conditions from laboratory study at semi-industrial scale were then implemented on a vessel in real navigation conditions with results in agreement with expectations.
Maryse Drouin, Giulia Parravicini, Samy Nasser, Philippe Moulin. Membrane Separation Used as Treatment of Alkaline Wastewater from a Maritime Scrubber Unit. Membranes, 2022, 12 (10), pp.968. ⟨10.3390/membranes12100968⟩. ⟨hal-03967086⟩
Date de publication: 01-10-2022