Lattice Boltzmann method for computational aeroacoustics on non-uniform meshes: A direct grid coupling approach

The present study proposes an accurate lattice Boltzmann direct coupling algorithm, well suited for industrial purposes, making it highly valuable for aeroacoustic applications. It is indeed known that the convection of vortical structures across a grid refinement interface, where cell size is abruptly doubled, is likely to generate spurious noise that may corrupt the solution over the whole computational domain. This issue becomes critical in the case of aeroacoustic simulations, where accurate pressure estimations are of paramount importance. Consequently, any interfering noise that may pollute the acoustic predictions must be reduced. The proposed grid refinement algorithm differs from conventionally used ones, in which an overlapping mesh layer is considered. Instead, it provides a direct connection allowing a tighter link between fine and coarse grids, especially with the use of a coherent equilibrium function shared by both grids. Moreover, the direct coupling makes the algorithm more local and prevents the duplication of points, which might be detrimental for massive parallelization. This work follows our first study (Astoul et al. 2020 [1]) on the deleterious effect of non-hydrodynamic modes crossing mesh transitions, which can be addressed using an appropriate collision model: the hybrid recursive regularization. The grid coupling algorithm is assessed in the context of computational aeroacoustics and compared to a widely-used cell-vertex algorithm. The validation benchmark includes the simulation of (1) an acoustic pulse, (2) a vortex transport by a mean flow, and finally, (3) a turbulent circular cylinder wake flow at high Reynolds number. In the end, the proposed approach is proven to drastically reduced the spurious noise generated at grid interfaces, hence, paving the way for accurate and efficient aeroacoustic simulations based on lattice Boltzmann methods. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Thomas Astoul, Gauthier Wissocq, Jean-François Boussuge, Alois Sengissen, Pierre Sagaut. Lattice Boltzmann method for computational aeroacoustics on non-uniform meshes: A direct grid coupling approach. Journal of Computational Physics, 2021, 447, pp.110667. ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨hal-03514616⟩

Journal: Journal of Computational Physics

Date de publication: 01-12-2021

  • Thomas Astoul
  • Gauthier Wissocq
  • Jean-François Boussuge
  • Alois Sengissen
  • Pierre Sagaut

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