Breakups of Chitosan microcapsules in extensional flow

The controlled rupture of a core-shell capsule and the timely release of encapsulated materials are essential steps of the efficient design of such carriers. The mechanical and physico-chemical properties of their shells (or membranes) mainly govern the evolution of such systems under stress and notably the link between the dynamics of rupture and the mechanical properties. This issue is addressed considering weakly cohesive shells made by the interfacial complexation of Chitosan and PFacid in a planar extensional flow. Three regimes are observed, thanks to the two observational planes. Whatever the time of reaction in membrane assembly, there is no rupture in deformation as long as the hydrodynamic stress is below a critical value. At low times of complexation (weak shear elastic modulus), the rupture is reminiscent of the breakup of droplets: a dumbell or a waist. Fluorescent labelling of the membrane shows that this process is governed by continuous thinning of the membrane up to the destabilization. It is likely that the membrane shows a transition from a solid to liquid state. At longer times of complexation, the rupture has a feature of solid-like breakup (breakage) with a discontinuity of the membrane. The maximal internal constraint determined numerically marks the initial location of breakup as shown. The pattern becomes more complex as the elongation rate increases with several points of rupture. A phase diagram in the space parameters of the shear elastic modulus and the hydrodynamic stress is established.

Revaz Chachanidze, Kaili Xie, Jinming Lyu, Marc Jaeger, Marc Leonetti. Breakups of Chitosan microcapsules in extensional flow. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2023, 629, pp.445-454. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2022.08.169⟩. ⟨hal-03787637⟩

Journal: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science

Date de publication: 01-01-2023

  • Revaz Chachanidze
  • Kaili Xie
  • Jinming Lyu
  • Marc Jaeger
  • Marc Leonetti

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