traitement des eaux et déchets

Biological processes

Thermal processes

Cross-cutting tools and approaches

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Water and Waste Treatment
Présentation

Global Approach to the Water Cycle

The work of the Water and Waste Treatment team (TED) is organized around an integrated global vision of wastewater and waste treatment and recovery.

This systemic approach is based on a coupled experimentation-modeling-simulation approach of the processes to treat, reuse and valorize urban or industrial effluents (production of H2, CH4, heat; recovery of nutrients, metals, reuse, etc.). It aims to contribute to the major challenges of the 21st century and more particularly to the ecological and energy transitions.

To this end, the team develops multi-scale approaches to the treatment and recovery of liquid and solid effluents in suspension.

At the material scale, the team has the skills for specific characterizations such as rheology and bio-calorimetry.

At the process scale, the studies focus on the application of innovative mechanisms in biological, thermal or physico-chemical reactors. The characterization of transfer, material and kinetic quantities leads to the development of dedicated models.

These models are used within specific integrative methodologies when two or more processes are coupled. These methods are developed to determine the optimal operation of the coupling and/or the industrial site hosting these processes.

The themes developed in the TED team are articulated around the following three axes:

Pollution control axis 

dedicated to the dimensioning of water and waste treatment processes as well as to the understanding of the transfer mechanisms and reaction processes involved.

Sub-axes: bioreactors, reactive filters, OVH, gasification, rheology, calorimetry

Valorization axis 

in which studies are devoted to the optimization of processes and procedures for the material and/or energy recovery of effluents and waste (phosphorus recovery, production of energy carriers: H2, CH4, etc.)

Sub-axes: crystallization, bioH2 and energy carriers from biomass, recovery of nutrients, etc.

Integration axis 

focused on the study of the coupling of processes developed in the team associated with an approach to optimize flows by ad hoc methods of industrial symbiosis.

Sub-axis: process coupling, energy optimization, etc.

Responsable

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Annuaire personnel permanent

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Doctorants, Post-Doctorants et CDD

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Equipements

- Rhéomètre TA Instrument (géométries : couette, double-couette, ruban, plan-plan, cône-plan)
- Calorimètre SETARAM C80
- Spectromètre IR
- Chromatographe gaz
- Pilote de Gazéification
- Banc de caractérisation di et triphasique des propriétés rhéologiques
- Rhéoreacteur
- Pilote de biofiltre immergé aéré à membranes
- Banc de caractérisation de la pollution des eaux (DCO, DBO5, MES, MVS, NH4+, NO3- …)
- Réacteur calorimétrique
- Bioréacteurs à biofilm (aérobies et anaérobies)

Partenaires académiques et industriels

Collaborations Internationales avec

Institut Mexicain du Pétrole / Université de Monastir / Université de Sfax / Université de Gand

 

Collaborations Nationales 

Industrielles :

Véolia Environnement / Groupe Lesaffre / CIRAD / Phytorem SA / G2C Environnement / Phocéenne des Eaux / CICL / Sterlab

Académiques - Institutionnelles :

Région PACA / IFR PMSE / FR ECCOREV / CEMAGREF / ISM2 / CEREGE / INRA / IRD

 

Dernières publications de l'équipe

  • Pierrette Guichardon, Carlos Baqueiro, Nelson Ibaseta. Villermaux–Dushman Test of Micromixing Characterization Revisited: Kinetic Effects of Acid Choice and Ionic Strength. Industrial and engineering chemistry research, American Chemical Society, 2021, 60 (50), pp.18268-18282. ⟨10.1021/acs.iecr.1c03208⟩. ⟨hal-03597451⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Pierrette Guichardon, Carlos Baqueiro, Nelson Ibaseta. Villermaux–Dushman Test of Micromixing Characterization Revisited: Kinetic Effects of Acid Choice and Ionic Strength. Industrial and engineering chemistry research, American Chemical Society, 2021, 60 (50), pp.18268-18282. ⟨10.1021/acs.iecr.1c03208⟩. ⟨hal-03514628⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Nicolas Lusinier, Isabelle Seyssiecq, Cecilia Sambusiti, Matthieu Jacob, Nicolas Lesage, et al.. Application of Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor and Fixed Bed Hybrid Biological Reactor for Oilfield Produced Water Treatment: Influence of Total Dissolved Solids Concentration. Energies, MDPI, 2021, 14 (21), pp.7297. ⟨10.3390/en14217297⟩. ⟨hal-03413732⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Francisco Mendez-Alva, Hélène Cervo, Gorazd Krese, Greet van Eetvelde. Industrial symbiosis profiles in energy-intensive industries: Sectoral insights from open databases. Journal of Cleaner Production, Elsevier, 2021, 314, pp.128031. ⟨10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.128031⟩. ⟨hal-03597672⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Gautier Hypolite, Jean-Henry Ferrasse, Olivier Boutin, Sandrine del Sole, Jean-François Cloarec. Dynamic modeling of water temperature and flow in large water system. Applied Thermal Engineering, Elsevier, 2021, 196, pp.117261. ⟨10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.117261⟩. ⟨hal-03597512⟩ Plus de détails...
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Rencontres scientifiques

Soutenances de thèses et HDR

15 Décembre 2021 - Study of the energy potential for a water supply network / Soutenance de thèse Gautier HYPOLITE
Doctorant : Gautier HYPOLITE

Date de soutenance :  mercredi 15 Décembre 2021 à 14:00 (Amphithéâtre du CEREGE / Technopôle de l'Arbois-Méditerranée, BP80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence)

Abstract : In order to reduce fossil fuels consumption for heating and cooling, different heat sources can be considered. Given theamount of water they carry, water supply systems can play this role and appear to have a high thermal potential. To date, this source has not been used: the main problem is to optimize the sizing of the equipment according to the temporal variability of water flow, water temperature, and the heat (or cold) demand. A first task is to evaluate the available thermal energy. For this purpose, a model based on a minimum number of measurements has been developed. It allows to determine the annual evolution of the temperature and the flow at each point of the network. Temporal variations of water demand and soil surface temperature are taken into account. The ground surface temperature is obtained by satellite measurements. Water flow, soil temperature and water temperature measurements in the network are performed to validate the models and the soil thermal properties. A simulation of the water system hydraulic and thermal behavior is performed for the year 2018 and compared to these measurements. The impact on the water temperature of adding several heat exchanges to the network is then evaluated with this model. In this study, the potential of a raw water system (composed of 5000 km of pipes, and transporting 200 million cubic meters of water per year in the south of France) is studied. As the temperature, the flow rate and heat demand are highly time dependent, a method has been developed to optimize the sizing and location of the exchange systems. This method is based on minimizing the entropy generation in the heat exchanger between the water pipes and the users. The dynamic behavior of a simple heat exchanger (concentric tube) between the network and the user is modeled (pressure profile and fluids and wall temperature calculation). The value of entropy generation due to temperature difference and pressure drop in the exchanger is obtained in transient operation, this value is used as an objective function for the optimization. The results based on the cooling of a data center show that the entropy gain is significant when the optimal size of the heat exchanger is chosen. The use of the raw water network connected to a reversible heat pump for heating and cooling a building has also been studied and results in a high gain compared to an air source heat pump. 

Jury :
Directeur de these M. Jean-Henry FERRASSE Aix Marseille Université
Rapporteur M. Clausse MARC INSA LYON
Rapporteur M. Francois LANZETTA Unversité de Franche-Conté
Examinateur Mme Nathalie MAZET Université de Perpignan
CoDirecteur de these M. Olivier BOUTIN Aix Marseille Université
Examinateur M. Sylvain SERRA LaTEP
Jeudi 10 décembre - Recherche d’optimum de conversion de la biomasse et optimisation de la répartition d’entropie dans un réacteur, deux contributions au développement des bio-raffineries/ Soutenance de thèse Jonathan GOFFE
Doctorant :  Jonathan GOFFE            
  
Date de la soutenance :  visioconférence le jeudi 10 décembre à 10 h.

Résumé : 

L’optimisation des processus à grande échelle, la réduction des irréversibilités lors des différentes transformations, ainsi que les changements stratégiques majeurs dans le choix des ressources et des applications sont des étapes clés de la transformation du modèle énergétique mondial. En contribuant d’une part à développer des outils d’évaluation théorique de la conversion de la biomasse ce travail fournit des critères permettant d’identifier les limites supérieures théoriques de la conversion de la biomasse. La conversion de deux biomasses (lignocellulosique et microalgue) en alcanes, alcools, monoxyde de carbone ou hydrogène est réalisée. Elle souligne l’importance de la stœchiométrie dans la faisabilité et l’efficacité des conversions. D’autre part ce travail contribue au domaine de l’optimisation des procédés par la réduction des irréversibilités. Le fonctionnement d’un réacteur tubulaire a été étudié en mesurant l’impact de la géométrie. Le procédé de reformage du méthane à la vapeur sert de cas modèle. Une proposition d’équipartition de la production d’entropie à été proposé à partir d’une décomposition en sous réacteurs. 

Mots clés : Biomasse, conversion de la biomasse, Analyse Pinch, Matlab, equipartition, création d’entropie, réacteur tubulaire, reformage du méthane à la vapeur 

Jury :

  Dr Raphaele THÉRY HÉTREUX
     Maitre de conférences HDR, LGC, INPT Toulouse, Rapportrice
  Pr Guillain MAUVIEL
     Professeur des Universités, LRGP Nancy, Université de Lorraine, Rapporteur
  Dr Nathalie MAZET
     Directeur de recherche, CNRS, PROMES, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, Examinatrice
  Dr Lingai LUO
     Directeur de recherche, CNRS, Laboratoire de Thermique et Énergie, Université de Nantes, Examinatrice
  Dr Jean-Henry FÉRRASSE
     Maître de Conférences HDR, M2P2, Aix Marseille Université, Directeur de thèse