traitement des eaux et déchets

Biological processes

Thermal processes

Cross-cutting tools and approaches


Water and Waste Treatment

Integrated approach to water and waste treatment and recovery

The research of the Water and Waste Treatment team (TED) is organized around an integrated global vision of the treatment and valorization of wastewater, biomass and waste.

This systemic approach is based on a joint experimentation-modeling-simulation approach of processes, to treat, reuse and valorize urban or industrial effluents and biomasses (production of H2, CH4, heat; production of biofuels and platform molecules for chemistry; recovery of nutrients, metals, etc.). It aims to contribute to the major challenges of the 21st century and more particularly to the ecological and energy transitions.

To this end, the team develops multi-scale approaches to the treatment and valorization of effluents and biomasses. At the molecular and cellular scales, the team possesses and develops skills for specific characterizations such as rheology and (bio)-calorimetry. The latter is applied both to the determination of heat related to cellular metabolism and also to high-pressure calorimetry (max 300°C, 60 MPa), the originality of the team concerns the design of specific calorimetric cells. At the reactor scale, studies focus on the development, dimensioning and optimization of biological, thermochemical and physicochemical processes. The characterization of kinetic and transfer quantities leads to the development of dedicated models. These models are used within specific integrative methodologies as soon as two or more processes are coupled. These methods are developed to determine the optimal operation of the coupling and/or the industrial site hosting these processes.


The themes developed in the TED team are articulated around the following three axes:


Pollution control axis

dedicated to the dimensioning of water and waste treatment processes as well as to the understanding of the transfer mechanisms and reaction processes involved.

Sub-axes: bioreactors, reactive filters, wet oxidation, rheology, calorimetry, etc.


Valorization axis

in which studies are devoted to the optimization of processes and procedures for the material and/or energy recovery of effluents and waste

Sub-axes: bioH2 and energy carriers from biomass, gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction processes, nutrient recovery, etc.


Integration axis

focused on the study of the coupling of processes developed in the team associated with a flow optimization approach by ad hoc methods.

Sub-axes: process coupling, energy optimization, simulation of processes, etc.


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Annuaire personnel permanent

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Doctorants, Post-Doctorants et CDD

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-    Rhéomètre
-    Calorimètre SETARAM C80
-    Spectromètre UV et IR équipé avec une cellule gaz pour mesure on-line continu et ATR
-    Micro-chromatographe gaz
-    Pilote de Gazéification semi Batch (10 gr) (études de faisabilité)
-    Banc de caractérisation de la pollution des eaux (DCO, DBO5, MES, MVS, PO43+, NH4+, NO3- …)
-    Calorimètre de réaction (1 L)
-    Réacteurs hydrothermaux hautes pression et température, batch (200 mL 350°C, 40MPa) et continus (6 L/h, 500°C, 30MPa)
-    Pompes haute pression
-    Bioréacteurs

Partenaires académiques et industriels

Collaborations Internationales avec

Kumamoto University (Japon) / EAN Bogotá (Colombie) / La Sapienza Rome (Italie) / Politecnico di Torino (Italie) / LBGEL-ENIS Sfax (Tunisie)


Collaborations Nationales 

Industrielles :

ENGIE / A3i INOVERTIS / Société du Canal de Provence / Athéna Recherche & Innovation / Earthwake / CMA-CGM

Académiques - Institutionnelles :

Région PACA / Institut de Mécanique et Ingénierie (IMI) / FR Fabri de Peiresc / FR ECCOREV / BIP Marseille / BBF Marseille / CEREGE Aix-en-Provence / INERIS Aix-en-Provence / DEEP-INSA Lyon / LRGP Nancy / LGC Toulouse / Hôpitaux de Marseille


Dernières publications de l'équipe

  • Emilie Gout, Fatimatou Toure Lo, Mathias Monnot, Olivier Boutin, Pierre Vanloot, et al.. Coupling membrane processes with wet air oxidation for the remediation of industrial effluents. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2023, 472, pp.144937. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2023.144937⟩. ⟨hal-04202142⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Tetyana Kyrpel, Vita Saska, Anne de Poulpiquet, Mathieu Luglia, Audrey Soric, et al.. Hydrogenase-based electrode for hydrogen sensing in a fermentation bioreactor. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2023, 225, pp.115106. ⟨10.1016/j.bios.2023.115106⟩. ⟨hal-03963086⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Antonello Tangredi, Cristian Barca, Jean-Henry Ferrasse, Olivier Boutin. Effect of process parameters on phosphorus conversion pathways during hydrothermal treatment of sewage sludge: A review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2023, 463, pp.142342. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2023.142342⟩. ⟨hal-04303018⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Shumet Sharew, Ludovic Montastruc, Abubeker Yimam, Stéphane Négny, Jean-Henry Ferrasse. Alternative Energy Potential and Conversion Efficiency of Biomass into Target Biofuels: A Case Study in Ethiopian Sugar Industry- Wonji-Shoa. Biomass, 2022, 2 (4), pp.279-298. ⟨10.3390/biomass2040019⟩. ⟨hal-03936793⟩ Plus de détails...
  • Cristian Barca, Matteo Magari, Hélène Miche, Pierre Hennebert. Effect of different wastewater composition on kinetics, capacities, and mechanisms of phosphorus sorption by carbonated bauxite residue. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2022, 10 (6), pp.108922. ⟨10.1016/j.jece.2022.108922⟩. ⟨hal-03884024⟩ Plus de détails...
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Rencontres scientifiques

Soutenances de thèses et HDR

28 novembre - Sustainable biorefinery schemes for the recovery of energy, material and nutrient of residual biomass / Soutenance de thèse Monica AMADO
Doctorant : Monica AMADO 

Date : lundi 28 novembre à 9h30 dans La salle 205 du CEREGE / Arbois

Abstract : Agricultural activities are a constant source of residual biomass that does not usually have an added value during harvesting activities or throughout the raw material transformation industry, impacting the environmental surroundings where these activities take place. The residual biomass coming from the livestock sector (manure) and the agricultural sector (transient and permanent crops) has a high pollutant load related to biodegradable organic matter.  
The problem of the project focuses on Colombian economic changes that have encouraged the use of biofuels as an alternative to reduce dependence on the fossil fuel industry. By presenting the biological processes of anaerobic co-digestion (AD) or dark fermentation (DF) as an alternative for the waste valorization of three relevant agricultural waste from the Colombian (coffee mucilage, cocoa mucilage and swine manure) due to its production increase and their high content of carbohydrates, proteins, and cellulose. 
Bioprocesses are limited by efficient and optimal design. Therefore, the results present three biorefinery schemes modeled in Aspen Plus, for the recovery of products and by-product. Furthermore, through energy, by using Aspen Energy Analyzer and life cycle assessments (LCA - SimaPro), the project presents the sustainability and efficiency for the proposed schemes.  
The project aims an advance in the subject given that the first works in the country have been conceptual approaches to develop the biorefinery concept. 

  • Pierre BUFFIERE  Rapporteur - Professeur, INSA de Lyon, France 
  • Ludovic MONTASTRUC  Rapporteur - Professeur, INP Toulouse, France 
  • Paola ACEVEDO  Examinatrice - Maître de conférences, Université Coopérative de Colombie, Colombie 
  • Ivan CABEZA  Examinateur - Professeur, Université La Salle, Colombie 
  • Hélène CARRERE  Présidente de jury - Directrice de recherche INRAE, France 
  • Jean-Henry FERRASSE - Directeur·de these - Professeur, Aix-Marseille Université, France 
  • Cristian BARCA - Co-directeur·de these - Maître de conférences, Aix-Marseille Université, France 
15 Décembre 2021 - Study of the energy potential for a water supply network / Soutenance de thèse Gautier HYPOLITE
Doctorant : Gautier HYPOLITE

Date de soutenance :  mercredi 15 Décembre 2021 à 14:00 (Amphithéâtre du CEREGE / Technopôle de l'Arbois-Méditerranée, BP80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence)

Abstract : In order to reduce fossil fuels consumption for heating and cooling, different heat sources can be considered. Given theamount of water they carry, water supply systems can play this role and appear to have a high thermal potential. To date, this source has not been used: the main problem is to optimize the sizing of the equipment according to the temporal variability of water flow, water temperature, and the heat (or cold) demand. A first task is to evaluate the available thermal energy. For this purpose, a model based on a minimum number of measurements has been developed. It allows to determine the annual evolution of the temperature and the flow at each point of the network. Temporal variations of water demand and soil surface temperature are taken into account. The ground surface temperature is obtained by satellite measurements. Water flow, soil temperature and water temperature measurements in the network are performed to validate the models and the soil thermal properties. A simulation of the water system hydraulic and thermal behavior is performed for the year 2018 and compared to these measurements. The impact on the water temperature of adding several heat exchanges to the network is then evaluated with this model. In this study, the potential of a raw water system (composed of 5000 km of pipes, and transporting 200 million cubic meters of water per year in the south of France) is studied. As the temperature, the flow rate and heat demand are highly time dependent, a method has been developed to optimize the sizing and location of the exchange systems. This method is based on minimizing the entropy generation in the heat exchanger between the water pipes and the users. The dynamic behavior of a simple heat exchanger (concentric tube) between the network and the user is modeled (pressure profile and fluids and wall temperature calculation). The value of entropy generation due to temperature difference and pressure drop in the exchanger is obtained in transient operation, this value is used as an objective function for the optimization. The results based on the cooling of a data center show that the entropy gain is significant when the optimal size of the heat exchanger is chosen. The use of the raw water network connected to a reversible heat pump for heating and cooling a building has also been studied and results in a high gain compared to an air source heat pump. 

Jury :
Directeur de these M. Jean-Henry FERRASSE Aix Marseille Université
Rapporteur M. Clausse MARC INSA LYON
Rapporteur M. Francois LANZETTA Unversité de Franche-Conté
Examinateur Mme Nathalie MAZET Université de Perpignan
CoDirecteur de these M. Olivier BOUTIN Aix Marseille Université
Examinateur M. Sylvain SERRA LaTEP