Interfacial tension of ethanol, water, and their mixtures in high pressure carbon dioxide: measurements and modeling
Hypothesis: It is particularly noteworthy to study interfacial tension behavior under pressurized carbon dioxide for supercritical processes such as crystallization or fractionation. For the latter, a liquid phase and a supercritical phase are in contact, and interfacial properties influence mass transfer phenomena and hydrodynamics. Ethanol-water mixture is a good theoretical study case also involved in a wide range of applications. Experimental: Interfacial tensions of ethanol, water and three mixtures, with an ethanol mass fraction from 0.25 to 0.75, under pressurized CO 2 were measured for pressures ranging from 0.1 MPa to 15.1 MPa at 313.15 K and 333.15 K. A specific experimental setup was used for CO 2 phase saturation. Findings: This work brings interfacial tension data of five different solutions including water and ethanol in contact with CO 2. Effects of pressure, temperature, carbon dioxide density and ethanol mass fraction are discussed regarding the literature. Significant discrepancies are found with previous literature data for ethanol-water mixtures. The "two-step" decrease observed when pressure or density increase is also discussed regarding both the concept of Widom line, and the polar and dispersive contributions of the surface tension of a component. For the first time, fair accurate interfacial tension modeling involving these contributions is addressed.
Aymeric Fabien, Guillaume Lefebvre, Brice Calvignac, Pierre Legout, Elisabeth Badens, et al.. Interfacial tension of ethanol, water, and their mixtures in high pressure carbon dioxide: measurements and modeling. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2022, 613, pp.847-56. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2022.01.058⟩. ⟨hal-03531186⟩
Journal: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Date de publication: 11-01-2022